brewing recipes

cold brew coffee

Here are a few of our Brewing Recipes. Brew like a Pro!

Clever Dripper

23g medium grind (#21H Baratza Preciso)
350g @ 205°F water
Start timer. Pour in 80g of water and gently stir and let bloom for 30 seconds. At 30 seconds in, pour remaining water in, submerging grounds as you pour.  At 2:30, gently stir the top in a clockwise circle. Place on carafe and allow to drain. 3:30 total time

Hario V60-02

20g medium fine grind (#12H Baratza Preciso)
350g @ 205°F water
Start timer. Pour in about 40g of water. Stir to saturate grinds. Bloom for 20 seconds. Slow continuous pour until ratio is reached. Final stir. 3:20 total time


42g medium fine grind (#18H Baratza Preciso)
700g @ 205°F water
Pour in about 50g of water. Stir to wet grinds. Start timer. Bloom for 20 seconds. Add 350g water. Pulse pour 100 g every 20 seconds until ratio is reached. When the coffee level reaches the belly button, remove the filter, even if some slurry remains. 4:00 total time


22g medium fine grind (#18H Baratza Preciso)
336g @ 200°F water
Start timer, pour in about 40-50g of water. Bloom for 30 seconds. Pulse pour until ratio is reached. 3:30 total time

Kalita Wave 155 series

21g coffee medium grind (#18-22H Baratza Preciso)
350g @ 200°F water
Start timer, Pour in about 50g of water. Bloom for 30 seconds. Pulse pour water in a slow circle until water ratio is reached. 3:00 total time

Kalita Wave 185 series

30g coffee medium grind (#18-22H Baratza Preciso)
450g @ 200°F water
Start timer. Pour in about 60g of water. Bloom for about 30 seconds. Pulse pour in a slow circular motion until ratio is reached. 3:15


18g medium fine grind (#10H Baratza Preciso)
220-240g @ 200° water
Start timer, pour in 220-240g of water. Bloom until timer reaches 1:20, stir. At 1:30 stir again, cap and plunge. 1:45 total time

Cold Brew (Ready to drink)

100g medium grind (#20H Baratza Preciso)
200g @ 202° water
800g @ cold water
Start timer, pour in 200g hot water. Bloom for 1 minute. Slowly pour in remaining 800g of cold water and cover. Let sit for 12 hours. Filter and keep in the fridge

Flash Brewing Mod- Japanese Style Cold Brew Over Ice

Use any above recipe and split the water in half so that half is ice. Place the ice in the carafe or cups and brew the coffee directly over the ice. Note: Brew time will be shorter.

Health and Coffee – Mycotoxins Myth

The Myth about Mycotoxins in Coffee
Is your morning cup doing you more harm than help? Study after study has been done on the health benefits of coffee, but not everyone agrees that the benefits outweigh the consequences. Some claim that commercial coffee is contaminated with dangerous mycotoxins, which can cause people to perform badly and have a higher risk of disease.

What are Mycotoxins?
Mold, which is a type of fungus, is found almost everywhere in very small quantities. Mold can grow on edible crops and produce by-products called mycotoxins. There are hundreds of different mycotoxins with different functions. For example, mycotoxins are used to create the antibiotic Penicillin. We’re mostly interested in the two mycotoxins that are found most commonly in coffee: Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A. Aflatoxin B1 is a known carcinogen and is also commonly found in peanuts, corn, tree nuts, and dairy. Ochratoxin A hasn’t been studied as much, but it has been associated with kidney disease, and it is also commonly found in grains. However, it’s important to remember that “the dose makes the poison.”

Mycotoxin Prevention and Regulation
Generally speaking, high moisture content, high humidity, and high temperatures can promote the growth of mold and related toxins. The standards of processing and storing green coffee can reduce the growth of mold by regulating these factors, and studies have found that the roasting process can destroy up to 80% of mycotoxins. Additionally, the FDA has regulated mycotoxins in food and drinks for years, and the amount that they allow is far below the amount you would have to ingest to cause yourself harm. If you’re really worried about mycotoxins, you can buy single origin coffee from regions at a higher elevation that has been wet processed. Higher elevation reduces the chance of a high moisture content, and wet processing discourages the growth of mold in green beans compared to dry processing.

Bottom Line
Mycotoxins are by-products of mold that can be found in many things, including coffee, grains, and tree nuts, but they are only harmful if they’re ingested in large amounts. FDA regulations only allow a very small amount of mycotoxins in food and drinks, and most coffee is processed with the intention of reducing mold growth. If you want to reduce your exposure to mycotoxins in coffee, you can buy high mountain grown single origin coffee that has been wet processed. At the end of the day, the health benefits of coffee outweigh the negatives, so feel free to enjoy your pick-me-up without worry.

Beans and Genes

Beans and Genes

How does coffee really affect our bodies? It turns out the answer is more complicated and unclear than you might expect. Studies upon studies have been done on the long-term health of regular coffee drinkers, with mixed results. Some conclude that daily consumption is linked to a decreased risk of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, or heart disease. Others say that it’s linked to an increased risk of gastrointestinal problems, anemia, or heart disease.

First of all, these studies indicate correlation, not causation. What this means is that regular coffee consumption is linked to these problems and diseases, but it doesn’t necessarily cause them – there could be a third common factor that causes these effects. But one factor that most studies don’t take into account is genes.

Nutrigenomics is the study of the interaction of nutrition and genes. Nutrigenomics says that the health effects that you experience from consuming certain things can be determined in part by your genetic makeup. So let’s apply this to caffeinated coffee and its effect on a person’s risk for heart disease and Parkinson’s.

Heart Disease

A gene called CYP1A2 signals your liver to make one of two enzymes: CYP1A2 fast or CYP1A2 slow. If you have the gene that makes CYP1A2 fast, your liver is able to process and eliminate caffeine quite quickly, leading to a decreased risk of heart disease. If you have the gene that makes CYP1A2 slow, your liver processes and eliminates caffeine more slowly, leading to an increased risk of heart disease.
Isn’t that fascinating? One gene can determine whether your daily coffee habit helps or hinders you.


A gene called GRIN2A can affect your nervous system in one of two ways. If the gene acts one way, coffee can decrease your risk of Parkinson’s by up to 60%. If the gene acts another way, coffee doesn’t affect your risk of Parkinson’s.

So can my daily caramel latte be good for me?

The short answer is just what you would expect: no. Even if your genetic makeup is favourable when it comes to the possible health benefits of coffee, those benefits are based on the consumption of black coffee. So have your coffee however you want, but know that most health benefits are negated when you start dressing it up with milk, cream, sugar, and syrups.

about velvet sunrise coffee beans

At Velvet Sunrise Coffee Roasters, we carefully craft our fresh roast coffee beans for wholesale and retail customers. Our single origin coffee sourcing and roast profile development program that puts fine quality espresso and coffee within reach. Wholesale customers take advantage of our flexible roasting program to develop custom roasts and blends, private labels, and toll roasting. Extensive cafe support, consultation and training for staff and management are an integral part of our wholesale program.

Mark Hayward claims his recent transition from civil engineer to full-time coffee roaster was the easiest thing in the world. Not to say that he didn’t enjoy his previous job – in fact, quite the opposite. He loved his job as a project manager. “Every project was like climbing up a mountain. It was difficult getting up there, but once you reached the other side, you got to look back and appreciate all the hard work you had done.” He claims that running a business is essentially the same thing, but on a larger scale. When asked how he became interested in the coffee business, he said “Interested? I’m a fanatic, I’m a raving lunatic about coffee!”

He recollected his first encounter with home roasted coffee beans quite fondly. A woman had been roasting coffee near one of his sites downtown, and the smell was so potent that his curiosity was piqued. Turns out, her boyfriend was a green coffee merchant, a person who specializes in sourcing and importing green coffee beans. He started buying green beans from them, and from then on, he could be found roasting coffee under the exhaust hood every Saturday morning. It wasn’t until twelve years later that he decided to start his own business, Velvet Sunrise. “The difference in taste between freshly roasted coffee beans and the stuff that’s been sitting on a shelf for months was so dramatic that I thought everyone should get a chance to try it,” he said.

Established in 2009, the business has grown and flourished. Small shops and cafes, all the way from Port Perry to Hamilton, serve and sell Velvet Sunrise coffee beans, including The Village Grocer and The Mad Bean. Currently, Mark is roasting thousands of pounds of coffee every week.

Velvet Sunrise opens to the public Tue – Sat from 9 a.m. – 4 p.m. While it’s mainly a wholesale business, the inside of the store is warm and welcoming, the walls decorated with a few pieces of art that complement the orange, green, and brown walls. The big roaster hums away in the background, and the air constantly smells of freshly roasted coffee. “I love what I do, and I love the relationships we’ve developed with our customers. It doesn’t even feel like work.”

cold brew coffee: north America’s newest sweetheart

cold brew coffee


As temperatures skyrocket, coffee consumers turn to the iced versions of their favourite beverages for their caffeine fix. Iced coffee can be made with either hot or cold brew coffee, and in Canada, cold brew coffee is officially in. Cold brew coffee refers to coffee that is steeped for long periods of time using room temperature or cold water. This method yields a smoother, sweeter brew with less acidity than its hot counterpart.

Cold brew coffee is particularly on trend this summer, as evidenced by Starbucks’ new line of cold brewed drinks. However, cold brew coffee has been around for centuries the earliest evidence comes from Japan in the 1600s, where they used the Kyoto method to produce cold coffee. The Kyoto method involves controlling the flow of water so that it falls drop by drop into the coffee grounds. In the past 10 year or so, this method along with the full immersion method have become increasingly popular in North America, starting in Southern USA and spreading to the rest of the continent.


First, you’ll need coffee. This one is great for cold brew coffee:

Honduras San Marcos

Full Immersion: This is the easiest and most popular way to make cold brew coffee at home. All you need is coarsely ground coffee, chilled or room temperature filtered water, and either a French press or a mason jar and a coffee filter. Measure out the coffee grounds and water based on an approximate 1:8 coffee-to-water ratio. Place both in the French press or mason jar, stir, and let sit either in or out of the fridge for 18 24 hours. If youre using a French press, use the plunger to separate the grounds from the coffee. If youre using a mason jar, filter the grounds out using a coffee filter or a fine mesh strainer. Store in the fridge.

Easy Kyoto-Style Cold Brew: For a taste of Kyoto-style cold brew without investing in a cold brew drip tower, use this hack.


50 g coarsely ground coffee

12+ oz receptacle


2 Aeropress filters

12 oz chilled water bottle

Push pin


Puncture the cap of the water bottle with the push pin, making the hole as small as possible. Test the flow one drop should come out every 1-2 seconds. Assemble the Aeropress and place the coffee grounds inside. Moisten the grounds with a small amount of water from the water bottle. Level the grounds and trim the second filter so that you can place it on top of the grounds. Place the Aeropress on top of the receptacle and the water bottle cap-side down on top of Aeropress. When the water bottle is empty, disassemble everything and store the receptacle in the fridge.

Hot bloom: Some coffee lovers are not fans of cold brew coffee because it removes the lighter, acidic notes present in good quality coffee that’s brewed hot. The hot bloom cold brew method is perfect for people who enjoy the acidity of hot coffee but don’t want their iced coffee watered down with melted ice cubes. For this method, follow the above recipe for full immersion cold brew, but heat about 30% of your initial water volume and slowly pour it over the coffee grinds before adding the rest of the water.


If you’re like me and you can’t handle your cold brewed coffee “neat” or “on the rocks,” here are a few different serving ideas.

Iced Latte: Start with a 1:1 ratio of cold brew to water or milk, and adjust according to your taste. Add simple syrup or agave syrup if you prefer your coffee sweet. Serve over ice.

The Derby:

1.5 oz cold brew

¼ oz mint syrup

1 oz bourbon

2-3 oz of club soda

Combine and serve over ice.

Mocha Smoothie (

2/3 cup cold brew

2/3 cup milk of choice

1 scoop chocolate protein powder

2 pitted dates or half a banana

1 tsp cocoa powder

2 cups of ice

Blend and garnish with cacao nibs.

*Consuming caffeine and alcohol at the same time can make you feel less inebriated than you really are. Please enjoy responsibly.


go cubes – the future of coffee?

go cubes

Sweet, portable, convenient, affordable, and better than a cup of coffee. These are a few claims made by Nootrobox about Go Cubes. Go Cubes are chewable gummy squares made from cold brew coffee, designed for an on-the-go energy boost when you don’t have time to sit down and sip. Each cube contains 50 mg of caffeine, which is equivalent to about half a cup of coffee. Sounds like a dream come true for busy caffeine addicts, right?

Go Cubes aren’t just coffee, though. They also contain nootropics (supplements that boost cognition) such as L-theanine, vitamins B3, B6, and B12, glucuronolactone, inositol, and folic acid. You can read more about this here. Most of these supplements have been proven to enhance cognitive function, although one review points out that inositol is only effective in much higher doses than Go Cubes contain. L-theanine in particular is a green tea extract that serves to counteract the jitters that some people experience when they have caffeine.

Reviews so far have been mixed. While everyone seems to agree that Go Cubes are convenient and effective, there have been some complaints about the taste. One reviewer said that it was “sweet… but after a couple of chews the taste instantly turned bitter.” Another likened the aftertaste to “drinking nothing but coffee for a week while not brushing your teeth.” Out of the three flavours – pure drip, mocha, and latte – the lighter latte flavour seems to be most popular. However, reviewers have pointed out that it’s very difficult to tell the flavours apart. There’s a mix in each package of four and they’re all varying shades of dark brown. Others complained of upset stomachs and bad coffee breath.

Odd taste aside, most reviewers agreed that the cubes simplified their morning and pre-workout routines, and helped them keep track of their caffeine intake. Are Go Cubes the future of coffee? Maybe not, but they’re certainly another fresh, innovative way to get your fix.